Here’s A Quick Way To Manage Cold Urticaria Symptoms
Cold Urticaria is also known as cold hives. It is a type of skin allergy. Cold urticaria symptoms usually appear after contact to a cold stimulus. This disorder can be inherited or acquired. The acquired form usually occurs between ages 18–25. This article will discuss further what cold urticaria is, symptoms to look out for and possible treatment for itchiness and hives.
Cold Urticaria Symptoms
Reddish, itchy hives (wheals)
- Wheals generally last for about half an hour.
- Swelling of hands when holding cold objects.
- Swelling of lips when eating cold foods.
- In rare cases, severe swelling of the tongue and throat that can block breathing (pharyngeal edema).
Hives differ in size. They can range from 7 mm in diameter to as big as about 27 mm diameter or even larger.
- Severe reactions include fainting, chills, fast heartbeat, swelling of extremities or trunk
Cold Urticaria Causes
The definite cause of cold urticaria is not yet clear.
Some people with cold hives have overly sensitive skin cells, either due to an inherited trait or caused by a virus or other illness.
Exposure to cold triggers the release immune system chemicals into the skin. The reaction causes redness and itching
Cold Urticaria Risk Factors
- This condition is linked with an inherited condition known as familial cold auto-inflammatory syndrome. This condition causes wheals and flu-like symptoms after contact to cold.
- Young children are at risk to develop this condition. Primary acquired urticaria is a type of urticaria that occurs in children and young adults. This condition usually resolves on its own within two to three years.
- Secondary acquired urticaria is a less common type of cold urticaria that can be triggered by an underlying health condition.
- Cold hives can also occur because of viral infection
Cold Urticaria Treatment
Although there is no definite cure for this type of urticaria, treatment can help manage symptoms. Here are some of the best ways to manage symptoms.
- Avoid Situations that can trigger cold hives, these are :
- Cold Climate: Avoid long walks outdoors during winter or cold weather.
- Sweat: After physical exercise, warm quickly by drying the skin with a clean towel.
- Swimming: Take an allergy medication before diving or dipping in the pool or sea water. Take additional antihistamine.
- Air Conditioning: Always carry jacket or warm sweater.
- Cold Foods/Drinks: Avoid eating ice cream or yogurt and other cold drinks that can cause hives.
- Cool/Cold Surfaces: Avoid cold surfaces like sitting in sidewalks or leaning in rails. Wear gloves to protect your hands from cold and other protective clothing.
- Medications like Antihistamines, Cyproheptadine and Doxepin can help prevent and reduce symptoms.
Cold urticaria can develop in children or adults. There is a way to test cold urticaria. Your doctor can put a melting ice-cube on your skin, then removes it.
After a few minutes, your doctor will observe your skin for hives. This may not be a definite test but it helps to discover if you are suffering from cold hives.
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